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Technology and the Era of the Mass Army

Onorato, Massimiliano Gaetano and Scheve, Kenneth and Stasavage, David Technology and the Era of the Mass Army. EIC working paper series #5/2012 IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca ISSN 2279-6894.

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Abstract

We investigate how technology has influenced the size of armies. During the nineteenth century the development of the railroad made it possible to field and support mass armies, significantly increasing the observed size of military forces. During the late twentieth century further advances in technology made it possible to deliver explosive force from a distance and with precision, making mass armies less desirable. We find strong support for our technological account using a new data set covering thirteen great powers between 1600 and 2000. Contrary to what is so often suggested, we find little evidence that the French Revolution was a watershed in terms of levels of mobilization.

Item Type: Working Paper (EIC working paper series)
Additional Information: Updated on November 2013
Uncontrolled Keywords: JEL classification: F52, N4, N7, O33; Keywords: Military, Security, Soldiers, Technological Change, Technology, Technology Adoption, War, Warfare
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Research Area: Economics and Institutional Change
Depositing User: Massimiliano Gaetano Onorato
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2012 13:00
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2014 14:46
URI: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/1420

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