Chessa, Alessandro and Marinari, Enzo and Vespignani, Alessandro
Energy constrained sandpile models.
Physical Review Letters, 80.
We study two driven dynamical systems with conserved energy. The two automata contain the basic dynamical rules of the Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld sandpile model. In addition a global constraint on the energy contained in the lattice is imposed. In the limit of an infinitely slow driving of the system, the conserved energy E becomes the only parameter governing the dynamical behavior of the system. Both models show scale-free behavior at a critical value Ec of the fixed energy. The scaling with respect to the relevant scaling field points out that the developing of critical correlations is in a different universality class than self-organized critical sandpiles. Despite this difference, the activity (avalanche) probability distributions appear to coincide with the one of the standard self-organized critical sandpile.
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