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World input-output network

Cerina, Federica and Zhu, Zhen and Chessa, Alessandro and Riccaboni, Massimo World input-output network. EIC working paper series #6/2014 IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca ISSN 2279-6894.

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Economic systems, traditionally analyzed as almost independent national systems, are increasingly connected on a global scale. Only recently becoming available, the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) is one of the first efforts to construct the multi-regional input-output (MRIO) tables at the global level. By viewing the world input-output system as an interdependent network where the nodes are the individual industries in different economies and the edges are the monetary goods flows between industries, we study the network properties of the so-called world input-output network (WION) and document its evolution over time. We are able to quantify not only some global network properties such as assortativity, clustering coefficient, and degree and strength distributions, but also its subgraph structure and dynamics by using community detection techniques. Over time, we detect a marked increase in cross-country connectivity of the production system, only temporarily interrupted by the 2008-2009 crisis. Moreover, we find a growing input-output regional community in Europe led by Germany and the rise of China in the global production system. Finally, we use the network-based PageRank centrality and community coreness measure to identify the key industries and economies in the WION and the results are different from the one obtained by the traditional final-demand-weighted backward linkage measure.

Item Type: Working Paper (EIC working paper series)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: Complex Networks; Input-Output; PageRank Centrality; Community Detection - JEL classification C67, F10, F15 - PACS numbers: 89.65.Gh; 89.75.-k; 05.10.-a
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Research Area: Economics and Institutional Change
Depositing User: Ms T. Iannizzi
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2014 09:01
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2017 10:13
URI: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/2230

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