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Experimental set-up for gamma-activity measurements of astromaterials

Colombetti, Paolo and Taricco, Carla and Bhandari, Narendra and Romero, Alberto and Verma, Neeharika and Vivaldo, Gianna Experimental set-up for gamma-activity measurements of astromaterials. In: Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2008. NSS '08. IEEE, 19-25 October 2008 , Dresden, Germany pp. 1802-1805. ISBN 978-1-4244-2715-4 . (2008)

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Abstract

The most important proxies of past solar activity are radionuclides produced by nuclear interactions of cosmic rays in the Earth’s atmosphere, in meteorites and in planetary surfaces. In fact, the production of these radioisotopes depends on the cosmic ray flux and energy spectrum and vary in the heliosphere because of solar modulation. Therefore the study of cosmogenic isotopes in terrestrial archives and in meteorites, which fell at different times, gives information on solar activity in the past. Because of its half life, 44Ti (T½ = 59.2 years) in meteorites has been proposed as an ideal index for the study of centennial scale solar activity variations. The main experimental difficulties are related to the very low (∼1 dpm/kg) 44Ti γ activity in meteorites and to the strong interference by 214Bi γ’s from the decay chain of the naturally occurring 238U. On the basis of the decay scheme of 44Ti, we have set up a low background spectrometer, whose high specificity derives from a selective coincidence between the principal HPGe detector and the active shield of NaI(Tl). Using this spectrometer we have reconstructed the solar activity over the past 235 years by measuring 44Ti and 26Al in meteorite falls; in particular we have shown that the intensity of cosmic rays has linearly decreased during this period, in agreement with some models proposed for the past solar activity. In order to improve the Ge-NaI coincidence spectrometer, we have recently developed a multiparametric acquisition system, allowing better selectivity in the choice of the coincidence windows, crucial for the 44Ti detection. A background measurement of the apparatus, taken for about a month, shows efficient elimination of the 214Bi γ signal in coincidence mode. Moreover the coincidence spectrum of Dhajala meteorite (fall, 1976) shows a - - good 44Ti γ peak.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Identification Number: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2008.4774742
Uncontrolled Keywords: 44Ti; Coincidence techniques; Cosmic ray flux; Cosmogenic radionuclides; Gamma ray spectroscopy; Meteorites; Multiparametric data acquisition; Solar activity
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Research Area: Economics and Institutional Change
Depositing User: Gianna Vivaldo
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2014 13:04
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2015 09:16
URI: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/2347

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