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Economic cycles and their synchronization: a survey of spectral properties

Sella, Lisa and Vivaldo, Gianna and Groth, Andreas and Ghil, Michael Economic cycles and their synchronization: a survey of spectral properties. Working Paper #105/2013 FEEM Note di Lavoro Series ISSN 2037-1209.

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Abstract

The present work applies several advanced spectral methods to the analysis of macroeconomic fluctuations in three countries of the European Union: Italy, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. We focus here in particular on singular-spectrum analysis (SSA), which provides valuable spatial and frequency information of multivariate data and that goes far beyond a pure analysis in the time domain. The spectral methods discussed here are well established in the geosciences and life sciences, but not yet widespread in quantitative economics. In particular, they enable one to identify and describe nonlinear trends and dominant cycles | including seasonal and interannual components that characterize the deterministic behavior of each time series. These tools have already proven their robustness in the application on short and noisy data, and we demonstrate their usefulness in the analysis of the macroeconomic indicators of these three countries. We explore several fundamental indicators of the countries' real aggregate economy in a univariate, as well as a multivariate setting. Starting with individual single-channel analysis, we are able to identify similar spectral components among the analyzed indicators. Next, we consider combinations of indicators and countries, in order to take different effects of comovements into account. Since business cycles are cross-national phenomena, which show common characteristics across countries, our aim is to uncover hidden global behavior across the European economies. Results are compared with previous findings on the U.S. indicators (Groth et al., 2012). Finally, the analysis is extended to include several indicators from the U.S. economy, in order to examine its influence on the European market.

Item Type: Working Paper (Working Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Advanced Spectral Methods, European Business Cycle, Frequency Domain, Time Domain - JEL n.: C15, C60, E32
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Research Area: Economics and Institutional Change
Depositing User: Gianna Vivaldo
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 14:22
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2015 09:16
URI: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/2366

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