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Premutation female carriers of fragile X syndrome: a pilot study on brain anatomy and metabolism

Murphy, Declan G. and Mentis, Marc J. and Pietrini, Pietro and Grady, Cheryl L. and MOORE, CAROLINE j and Horwitz, Barry and HINTON, VERONICa and DOBKIN, CARL S. and Schapiro, Mark B. and Rapoport, Stanley I. Premutation female carriers of fragile X syndrome: a pilot study on brain anatomy and metabolism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38 (10). pp. 1294-1301. ISSN 0890-8567 (1999)

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Objective It was thought that premutation carriers of fragile X syndrome (FraX) have no neurobiological abnormalities, but there have been no quantitative studies of brain morphometry and metabolism. Thus the authors investigated brain structure and metabolism in premutation carriers of FraX. Method Eight normal IQ, healthy female premutation FraX carriers aged 39±9 years (mean ± SD) and 32 age-sex-handedness-matched controls (39 ± 10 years) were studied; in vivo brain morphometry was measured using volumetric magnetic resonance imaging, and regional cerebral metabolic rates for glucose were measured using positron emission tomography and (18F)-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose. Results Compared with controls, FraX premutation carriers had a significant (1) decrease in volume of whole brain, and caudate and thalamic nuclei bilaterally; (2) increase in volume of hippocampus and peripheral CSF bilaterally, and third ventricle; (3) relative hypometabolism of right parietal, temporal, and occipital association areas; (4) bilateral relative hypermetabolism of hippocampus; (5) relative hypermetabolism of left cerebellum; and (6) difference in right-left asymmetry of the Wernicke and Broca language areas. Conclusions Premutation carriers of FraX, as defined by analysis of peripheral lymphocytes, have abnormalities in brain anatomy and metabolism. The biological basis for this is unknown, but most likely it includes tissue heterogeneity for mutation status. The findings may be of relevance to people counseling families with FraX and to understanding other neuropsychiatric disorders which are associated with expansion of triplet repeats and genetic anticipation.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: 10.1097/00004583-199910000-00019
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Research Area: Computer Science and Applications
Depositing User: Ms T. Iannizzi
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 09:49
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 09:49
URI: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/3443

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