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Tax Morale, Aversion to Ethnic Diversity, and Decentralization

Belmonte, Alessandro and Dell'Anno, Roberto and Teobaldelli, Désirée Tax Morale, Aversion to Ethnic Diversity, and Decentralization. EIC working paper series #7/2016 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca ISSN 2279-6894.

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This paper analyzes the relationship between individuals' aversion to ethnic diversity, the degree of fiscal and political decentralization, and tax morale. Our theory is based on the assumption that individuals are risk averse in contributing to the provision of public goods benefiting other ethnic groups, and threfore display a lower tax morale. We find scope for policy intervention-specifically, our model predicts that the effect of individuals' aversion to ethnic diversity on taxmorale is smaller or null in decentralized political and fiscal systems relative to centralized ones. The theory highlights the role of decentralization reforms to cut down inter-ethnic redistribution in con icting environments. We test our results by using individual data from the World Value Survey, and several decentralization measures from Fan et al. (2009). According to our most preferred estimation, a one-scale change in the attitude toward ethnic diversity reduces tax morale of 0.03 in centralized system. We rather find no impact in decentralized states.

Item Type: Working Paper (EIC working paper series)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: Ethnic diversity, Decentralization, Tax morale, Risk-aversion. JEL Classification: J15, H26, H73
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Research Area: Economics and Institutional Change
Depositing User: Ms T. Iannizzi
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 10:10
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2017 10:08
URI: http://eprints.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/3609

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